Did You Know?

Did You Know?

  • The only city in the world located on two continents is Istanbul, which was the capital of three great empires, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman for more than 2000 years.
  • There are at least 150 archaeological excavations taking place in Turkey each year.
  • The world’s first hospital was built in Bergama Asklepion (Izmir) 2500 years ago. Miken King Agamemmon’s injured soldiers (Trojan War) were treated at the hospital.
  • The world’s one of few oldest known human settlement was in Catalhoyuk, Turkey (7500 BC), until Gobeklitepe site was discovered.
  • Gobeklitepe (in Sanliurfa) is the oldest religious monument group in the world back to neolithic age (12,000BC). In early ages, how 40-60-tone-stones were levered to build T-shaped monuments is still a question to be answered.
  • Catalhoyuk was the world’s most populated city for 1000 years, between 7000BC and 6000BC.
  • Istanbul was the world’s most populated city for and 480 years, between 340AC and 650AC ; 1000 and 1070; 1120 and 1160 ; 1637 and 1700.
  • First Money was invented in Denizli by Lydians?
  • World’s first combat pilot was Turkish, Sabiha Gokcen. She was born in the Ottoman Empire (1913) and died in Republic of Turkey (2001). She had 32 active combat duties in her life. Istanbul’s second airport was named after her. She was one of Ataturk’s 8 fosters.
  • Two of the seven ancient wonders of the world, the Temple of Artemis and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, are located in Turkey.
  • Abraham was born in Sanliurfa in Southeastern Turkey. Sanliurfa is called as ‘the city of prophets’
  • Anatolia is the birthplace of historic legends, such as Omer (the poet), King Midas, Herodotus (the father of history) and St. Paul the Apostle.
  • Julius Ceasar proclaimed his celebrated words, “Veni, Vidi, Vici” (I came, I saw, I conquered) in Turkey when he defeated the Pontus, a formidable kingdom in the Black Sea region of Turkey.
  • Turks introduced coffee to Europe and the tulip to the Dutch.
  • The world’s first coffee shop was opened in İstanbul 600 years ago.
  • St. Nicholas, who became popular as Santa Claus, was born and buried in Demre, Antalya on Turkey’s Mediterranean Coast. According to legend, Noah’s Ark landed on Agri Dagi (Mount Ararat) in Eastern Turkey, the supposed remains of which can be seen there today.
  • The last meal on Noah’s Ark, a pudding with nearly 20 ingredients, is still served throughout Turkey.
  • The last home of the Virgin Mary is located in Selcuk, Turkey and, still intact, attracts thousands of visitors each year.
  • St. John, St. Nicholas, St. Paul and St. Peter all lived and preached throughout Southern Anatolia.
  • Part of Turkey’s southwestern shore was a wedding gift that Mark Anthony gave to Cleopatra.
  • Homer was born in Izmir on the west coast of Turkey and he depicted Troy in his Epic the Iliad.
  • Troy is in Canakkale, northwest of Turkey.
  • The Famous Trojan Wars took place in Troy, which is marked with a wooden statue of the Trojan Horse today.
  • Aesop, famous for his fables and parables, was born in Anatolia.
  • Leonardo da Vinci drew designs for a bridge over the Bosphorus, the strait that flows through Europe and Asia. It was never built (although two suspension bridges span the straight today).
  • Alexander the Great conquered a large territory in what is now Turkey and cut the Gordion Knot in the Phrygian capital (Gordium) not far from Turkey’s present-day capital (Ankara).
  • Istanbul’s Robert College (established in 1863), is the oldest American school outside the United States.
  • Early Christians escaping Roman persecution nearly 2000 years ago sheltered in Cappadocia in Central Anatolia.
  • The Amazons are supposed to have originated in Turkey’s northeastern region.
  • According to Turkish tradition a stranger at one’s doorstep is considered “A Guest from God” and should be accommodated accordingly.
  • The first church ever built by man (St. Peter’s Church) is located in Antioch (Antakya), in southern Turkey.
  • The first Ecumenical Council was held in Iznik in Western Turkey.
  • Suleyman the Magnificent (the famous Ottoman Sultan) was a poet who wrote over 3000 poems, some of them criticizing the greed of mankind.
  • Turkey provides 70% of the world’s hazelnuts; the nut in your chocolate bar is most probably grown in Turkey.
  • The most valuable silk carpet in the world which has 144 knots per square centimeter is located in the Mevlana Museum in Konya.
  • In the 13th century, Marco Polo wrote “the best and handsomest of rugs are woven here… and silks of crimson and other rich colors”.
  • Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi was the first man who flew a significant distance using wings across the Bosphorus.
  • Anatolia is the location of the first known beauty contest, judged by Paris, with Aphrodite, Hera and Athena as leading participants.
  • Anatolia was producing wine as early as 4000BC. Children’s only celebration of the World… Turkey receives children from around the world each year on April 23rd to “honor and cherish the freedom and independence of all people.”
  • Anatolia is the location of the Seven Churches of Asia.
  • Anatolia is the origin of the names of Paris, Philadelphia and Europe.
  • Turkey hosted many Empires? ( Romans, East Romans, Byzantines, Selcuks, Ottomans)
  • Middle Era ended and New Era started when the Otoman Turks (under Fatih Sultan Mehmet’s leadership) conquered İstanbul?
  • Nouriel Roubini’s tweet: TIME: Istanbul -The Most Influential Places in History by Nouriel Roubini. My birthplace & future capital of Eurabia.
  • The world’s deadliest war took place in Gallipoli, Canakkale (northwest of Istanbul ) during World War I… 32 death people per square meter…
  • Hagia Sophia was the largest church in the world for about 900 years.
  • Istanbul was the European Cultural Capital City in 2010.
  • Four bronze horses, decorating today San Marco Cathedral in Venice, were taken from Istanbul by the Crusaders in the 13th century.
  • During the Middle Ages in the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul had over 1,400 public toilets in the city meanwhile there weren’t any even at the palaces in France and other European cities. Ephesus had public toilets 3,000 years ago.
  • Istanbul had the highest population of the world in 1502, London took this title in 1840.
  • Istanbul has the second oldest subway system in the world, built in 1875. It’s 573 meters long and located in Tepebasi of Beyoglu district. London subway was built in 1863.
  • Grand Bazaar is the biggest and oldest covered bazaar in the world, with over 3.000 shops.
  • Ulubey Canyon (in Usak) is the world’s second biggest canyon following Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA.
  • Laodikya Church (Denizli, built in 313-320) is one of the 7 sacred churches mentioned in Bible.
  • Istanbul has a strategic position along the historic Silk Road rail networks to Europe and the Middle East, and the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean.
  • Istanbul is a favorite city to hold 2020 Summer Olympics.
  • Turkey is the biggest producer of hazel nut, fig and cherry in the world. Turkey produces 50% of the world’s fig production, 75% of hazel nut and 20% of cherry.
  • Turkey is the biggest producer of apricot in the world. 20% of the total production belongs to Turkey.
  • Turkey is number one in quince production in the world with 30% share.
  • Turkey is the sixth biggest agricultural country in the world according to the World Bank.
  • Turkey is number one country in Honey production and number two for bee stock.

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